Architecture must be easy to use and accessible, be aesthetically pleasing and be robust and structurally sound. The science of architecture is not limited to technical concerns, it encompasses an incredibly wide range of other issues, including social and cultural perspectives. It is therefore essential for persons engaged in the field of architecture to have the capacity to assimilate these diverse factors and requirements in a comprehensive manner. Not only does architecture require an understanding of a wide range of techniques and knowledge, it is also essential to possess a capacity for artistic creativity. At the Department of Architecture, we engage in teaching and research in order to enable students to create spaces that are closely intertwined with a diverse range of human activities, from residential homes through to city planning. We seek to encourage students to examine architectural culture from a historical perspective, and to plan architecture conceptually. This involves methods to design specific shapes and structures, environmental engineering in order to create an optimal environment, structural technologies to create robust and long-lasting buildings, and an understanding of the materials that are used in the architectural process and techniques and methods for using these materials.
In the area of planning, students learn the knowledge required to plan and design architecture, and while cultivating artistic and creative skills through design exercises they acquire design techniques that are applicable to specific architectural spaces. Planning and design is not merely limited to individual structures, as it encompasses entire cityscapes, which form the stage for individual and community activities. Accordingly, students seek to establish an image for cityscapes of the future and also learn about the urban design methods that are required to plan and create ideal and comfortable urban spaces.
Architecture also plays a role as a shelter, with roofs, walls and windows all serving to block out or, alternatively, bring in the natural environment to the structure. These environmental coordination functions can be supplemented by air-conditioning and lighting systems, thus adding further diversity to the performance of an architectural space, depending on its purpose or the changing seasons. In the area of the environment, students learn the basic principles and structural mechanisms about how people, architecture and cities are related to and interact with energy, materials and information. Building on these principles, students also acquire environmental coordination techniques that are required for the creation of comfortable living spaces.
The structural aspect of architectural science represents one of the most refined systems of engineering, including application of the natural sciences. Students learn about the structural science of buildings, including pillars, beams and walls that must support the entire building, as well as anti-stress solutions and design techniques that are applied in buildings. Through practical exercises students acquire the techniques required for structural design. In addition, students study the characteristics of various materials used in buildings, learning how to apply these optimally and how to reflect the intention of their design in actual construction. Furthermore, students learn about construction methods that enable buildings to be completed economically.